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Definitions

The following definitions are intended to facilitate a better understanding of the calendar and the terminology used at the University.

Not all University programs currently follow these definitions. All programs are required to adhere to these definitions by September 2018.

Articulation Agreement

A formal agreement between the University and one College that specifically documents the transfer policies and transfer credits for entry into a specific undergraduate program.

Bachelors

A 3 or 4 year undergraduate degree that consists of a minimum of 15 or 20 full course equivalents, respectively.

Certificate

certificate is defined as an approved course of study which will have a professional or an applied focus and will provide learning outcomes that are distinct from any other program. A certificate course of study will consist of a minimum of two FCEs, and normally a maximum of three FCEs, or the equivalent in non-credit programming, offered by one or several academic units. These courses must be different from, and in addition to, the required courses in the student's major; only courses outside the major can be counted towards a certificate. Students must be registered in the certificate prior to the completion of 50% of the course requirements for the course of study.

Certificates will be given as evidence of satisfactory completion of a series of credit-bearing courses and/or non-credit workshops or seminars. For certificates consisting of credit courses, a minimum overall average of 60% is required. All courses for the certificate must be taken from Lakehead University. A maximum of 0.5 credits may be applied to more than one certificate.

 Concentration

A defined collection of courses that is embedded into and complements an Honours or Bachelors (4 year) program. A minimum of 5 full course equivalents is required for a concentration with a minimum of two 2 full course equivalents at the 3rd year level or higher. A minimum cumulative average of 70% is required in both the major and concentration for an Honours program or 60% for a Bachelors (4 Year) program. Courses taken as part of the major may count towards the concentration.

 Only concentrations identified as such in the Academic Calendar can be awarded. A major may be compromised of courses from multiple disciplines.

Note: Concentration will be referenced on the parchment and transcript.

Corequisite

A course that must be successfully completed in conjunction with another designated course, either prior to, or at the same time.

Course Code

A designation assigned to a course that represents the subject area (e.g. MATH) followed by a unique course number (e.g. 1100).

Credit

The measurement unit for a course that indicates its relative weight within a program. Normally, credits are assigned as a half credit (0.5) or full credit (1.0) and appear on the academic record. Usually, a half credit lasts one term (e.g. Fall or Winter), and consists of 36 hours of instructional time; while a full credit generally spans two terms (e.g. Fall and Winter) and consists of 72 hours of instructional time. Two half credit (0.5) courses are equivalent to one full credit (1.0), also known as one full course equivalent.

Cross-Listed Course

Identical courses with different course codes that can only be counted once towards a particular credential.

Diploma

A university credential awarded upon completion of a Diploma program.

Discipline

A focused study in one academic area. A discipline may be compromised of multiple subjects (e.g. Environmental Sustainability, Water Resource Science).

Double Degree

Two undergraduate degrees from two different degree types (i.e. HBOR/BA or HBSc/BA) that are completed at the same time and meet all the requirements for both degrees. A double degree may take more than 4 years of study to complete.

Only double degrees identified as such in the Academic Calendar can be awarded.

Note: Double Degrees will be referenced on the parchment and transcript. Only one parchment will be issued designating both degrees.

Double Major

Double Major Bachelors (3 year): A 3 year program involving two related disciplines with a minimum of 5 full course equivalents in each discipline.

Double Major Honours and Bachelors (4 year): A 4 year program involving two related disciplines with a minimum of 7 full course equivalents in each discipline.

Only double majors identified as such in the Academic Calendar can be awarded.

Elective

A course that students select by choice. In some cases, parameters exist around the extent of choice a student may have in selecting the elective. For example, students may be required to select an elective from a list of courses or from one particular discipline or Faculty. Electives must be completed in accordance with the requirements of a degree.

Full Course Equivalent

Two half credit (0.5) courses are equivalent to one full credit (1.0), also known as one full course equivalent.

Graduate Degree

A university credential awarded upon completion of a Master’s or a Doctoral program.

Honours

A 4 year undergraduate degree with specialized and/or intensive courses at the 4th year level. Completion of a thesis or research-focused courses is normally a requirement of an Honours program. An Honours degree consists of a minimum of 20 full course equivalents (with a minimum of 8 full course equivalents in the major).

Major

For an Honours or Bachelors (4 year) program, a minimum of 8 full course equivalents is required in the major. Of these, a minimum of 4 full course equivalents must be at the 3rd or 4th year level with a minimum of 1 full course equivalent at the 4th year level. For a Bachelors (3 year) program, a minimum of 5 full course equivalents is required in the major. Of these, a minimum of 2 full course equivalents must be at the 3rd year level. A minimum cumulative average, based on the courses that comprise the major, of 70% is required for an Honours program and 60% for a Bachelors (4 year) or Bachelors (3 year) program.

Only majors identified as such in the Academic Calendar can be awarded.

Note: Major will be referenced on the parchment and transcript.

Minor

A defined collection of courses, different from the major, which can be taken within an Honours or Bachelors (4 year) program. A minor consists of a minimum of 3 full course equivalents, different from, and in addition to, the courses in the major. A minimum average of 60% is required for the minor, but may be higher in some cases. A minimum of 1 full course equivalent must be at the 3rd year level or higher. Courses that are crosscalendared can only be counted towards one of the respective majors or one minor. Only courses not counted towards the major can be counted towards a minor. All courses contributing to a minor must be taken at Lakehead University.

Only minors identified in the Academic Calendar can be awarded. A student is only permitted 1 minor. In exceptional circumstances, a maximum of 2 minors may be permitted and requires permission of the Chair and Dean. A minor cannot be awarded after graduation.

Notes: Minor will be referenced on the transcript.

Multilateral Agreement

An agreement between the University and multiple Colleges that generally documents the transfer policies and transfer credits for entry into a specific undergraduate program. In the case of multilateral agreements, these tend to be treated as block transfer credits, rather than individual transfer credits that are recorded on the academic record.

Offerings

The hours of instruction assigned to a course. Indicates the number of lecture hours and, where applicable, laboratory hours for the term(s) in which it is being delivered. For example, 3-3; 3-0 indicates 3 lecture hours in each term and 3 laboratory hours in the first term only.

Part-Time vs Full-Time Status

part-time undergraduate student in the Fall-Winter Term is one who is registered in three and one-half full course equivalents or fewer. All other undergraduate students are full-time. The normal course load is five FCEs or higher. (Please refer to the specific program requirements in this Calendar.) 

Students in programs for which the normal load is five courses may carry four or six courses if they have the approval of an academic adviser in the department of their concentration and their faculty Dean. (Permission to carry a sixth course should not be sought for the purpose of making up a deficiency due to past failure.)

Students required to register for single terms in programs that do not follow the academic year format are also considered to be full-time students provided that they register in all the courses prescribed for that term by their program. Where the normal load for the term is five half-courses or the equivalent, students may carry the equivalent of four or six half-courses if they have the approval of their department and the faculty Dean. A part-time student in this context is one who is registered in the equivalent of three or fewer half-courses.

A student who has maintained at least a 'B' average in his/her last five (5) courses, may take three (3) full courses in combined Spring and Summer Sessions. This constitutes the equivalent of a full-time program. No more than two full course equivalents may be taken during the Spring Session. No more than two full course equivalents may be taken during the Summer Session.

Prerequisite

A course or set of courses that must be successfully completed, and at times with a specific grade or average attained, before continuing on to a designated course or program.

Science Course

A science course at Lakehead University is:
 
(1) any course listed as Applied Bio-Molecular Science, Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, General Science, Geoarchaeology, Geology, Mathematical Sciences, Physics and Water Resource Science, or
(2) any course designated as "science" by Senate.

Note: Students in Engineering and Education should consult their Faculty for exceptions to the above listed courses.

Specialization

Specialization (Undergraduate): A defined collection of courses taken from a particular or variety of disciplines that complement the major. It consists of a minimum of 2.5 full course equivalents at the 2nd year level or higher. Courses taken as part of the major may count towards the specialization.

Only specializations associated with a program and/or major and identified as such in the Academic Calendar can be awarded.

Note: Specialization will be referenced on the transcript.

Specialized Honours

A term designated specifically to the Department of Psychology that must also meet the requirements for the Honours program.

Teachable Subject

A subject taught at the Junior/Intermediate and/or Intermediate/Senior level and which meets the requirements for certification as a teacher in the Province of Ontario.

Only teachable subjects identified as such in the Academic Calendar can be awarded.

Note: Teachable subject(s) will not be referenced on the parchment nor the transcript.

Undergraduate Degree

A university credential awarded upon completion of a Bachelors, Honours, Juris or MD program.