Thunder Bay • Orillia

Honours BSc (Biology Major) with Concentration in Animal Sciences(TB)

Four Year program

A student may in consultation with the department, enter the Honours BSc program in biology in any year providing an overall 70% average has been attained in the biology courses of the preceding years.

An overall average of at least 70% in all biology courses taken in the fourth year must also be maintained. A cumulative average of 70% in Biology courses is required in both the major and concentration.  Should a 70% average not be attained, the student may apply for the BSc (Biology) with Concentration in Animal Sciences Four Year degree.

At least ten Biology courses must be taken during the four years, six of which must be at the third year level or higher.

The Biology programs permit students to select courses according to their career aspirations. In addition to a variety of elective courses there is a set of core courses. Each student is required to take each of the following compulsory courses:

Biology 1110 - Animal Biology
Biology 1130 - Plant Biology
Biology 2171 - Genetics
Biology 2210 - Introductory Ecology
Biology 2230 - Cell Biology
Biology 3671 - Evolutionary Concepts
Biology 3012 - Aboriginal Ethnobotany

Students are encouraged to select Biology elective courses that are congruent with one of the following two lists: List A: Cell and Molecular Biology and List B: Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology.

Students are advised to contact the Chair of the Department regarding elective courses. See the Biology Elective Lists on the Biology Programs Information page.

First Year

(a) Biology 1110, 1130
(b) Chemistry 1110, 1130
(c) One-half FCE elective
(d) Mathematics 1151 and 1152, or Mathematics 1171 and 1172
(e) One FCE Type C course not in Biology
(f) One-half FCE elective that is not Type C

Note: Students considering a career in the health sciences are advised to take Physics 1113 and 1133, or Physics 1211 and 1212.

Second Year

(a) Biology 2171, 2210, 2230
(b) One-half FCE in Biology
(c) Mathematics 2310 and 2311, or Mathematics 3332 and 3334
(d) Two of: Chemistry 2111, 2211, 2231
(e) One-half FCE Type C course not in Biology
(f) One-half FCE elective

Third Year

(a) Biology 3671, 3012
(b) One-and-one-half FCEs selected from courses in Biology Electives List A
(c) One-and-one-half FCEs selected from courses in Biology Electives List B
(d) One-half FCE Type C course not in Biology
(e) One-half FCE elective

Fourth Year

(a) Three FCEs in Biology at the third year level or higher
(b) One-and-one-half FCEs Type C electives at the third year level or higher
(c) One-half FCE elective that is not Type C


1. Students considering graduate school are strongly encouraged to take Biology 4101 as 1.0 FCE towards the degree requirement of "3 FCEs in Biology at the third year level or higher" in Fourth Year.  Students must arrange for a faculty supervisor before the start of Fourth Year if they wish to register in Biology 4101.

2. This program fulfills the Indigenous Content Requirement by including Biology 3012.

Concentration in Animal Sciences

The Concentration in Animal Sciences consists of 5 FCEs chosen from the 2 lists below. Students must take 2.5 FCEs from each list to obtain a Concentration in Animal Sciences.

1. Cell, System and Organism Animal Science

Biology 2011 - Human Musculoskeletal Anatomy*
Biology 2012 - Human Internal Anatomy*
Kinesiology 3010/Biology 3010 - Physiology of Exercise I*
Kinesiology 3011/Biology 3011 - Physiology of Exercise II
Biology 3250 - Animal Physiology: Animal Communication and Control Systems*
Biology 3251 - Animal Physiology: Organ System Operation and Regulation*
Biology 3253 - Animal Physiology: Intracellular Communication and Coordination
Biology 3330 - Molecular Biology of Development
Biology 4212 - Biology of Fishes*
Biology 4230 - Cancer Biology
Biology 4231 - Ornithology*
Biology 4751 - Neurobiology I
Biology 4752 - Neurobiology II
Biology 4830 - Endocrinology
Biology 4850 - Neurochemistry
Biology 4855 - Pharmacology

2. Community and Ecosystem Animal Science

Biology 3151 - Biogeography
Biology 3212 - Invertebrate Zoology*
Biology 3219 - The Evolution of Vertebrates*
Biology 3232 - Conservation Biology*
Biology 3313 - Ecological Structure in Northern Environments
Biology 4111 - Parasitology*
Biology 4113 - Community Ecology*
Biology 4117 - Advances in Contemporary Ecology
Biology 4152 - Aquatic Biology Field Course*
Biology 4211 - Mammalogy*
Biology 4372 - Bioethics Issues for the Life Sciences
Biology 4435 - Herpetology*

Note: Courses with asterisks* have labs.