OUTDOOR RECREATION, PARKS AND TOURISM COURSES

Courses not offered this academic year (fall/winter terms) are indicated by the words "NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR" below the course description. Nevertheless, students should refer to the Timetable as a final check.

The following Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism (ORPT) courses are offered for degree programs:

OUTD 1010
Group Dynamics in ORPT
3-0; or 3-0
Theoretical and applied study of the interactions between individuals within groups in general, recreational, and outdoor settings. A variety of approaches will be used to examine such topics as group types, formation, motivation, and patterns of behaviour as well as conflict resolution, problem solving, leadership and communication.

OUTD 1070
Outdoor Recreation and Society
3-0; or 3-0
An examination of the principles, concepts and theories governing people's recreational use of natural settings; the environmental issues in outdoor recreation related to leadership, protected areas, and tourism; and, the approaches used to manage outdoor recreation in Canada.

OUTD 1910
First Year Seminar
0-3; 0-0
Weekly seminars, field trips or other activities to support the required fall courses in first year.
A non-credit required course.

OUTD 1930
First Year Seminar
0-0; 0-3
Weekly seminars, field trips or other activities to support the required winter courses in first year.
A non-credit required course.

OUTD 2210
Theory and Practice of Leadership
0-0; 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 1010, 1110, 1230 and 1510
An in-depth study of leadership theory found in recreation and other literature. Leadership concepts as they apply to the individual, the group, and the environment will be examined. Leadership training, experience and skills, and their relationship to applied phenomena, will also be studied.

OUTD 2270
Programming and Evaluation
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 1010, 1110, 1230 and 1510
An examination of the four components of the programming process - background, development, implementation and evaluation - in outdoor recreation and tourism.

OUTD 2310
Outdoor Skills and Theory I
Prerequisite: OUTD 1010, 1110, 1230 and 1510
Presentation of the theoretical and applied principles required to understand and demonstrate competency in a variety of physical and social outdoor environments. Activities may include canoeing, rock climbing and backpacking.

OUTD 2350
Outdoor Skills and Theory II
Prerequisite: OUTD 2310
A continuation and further development of the material in OUTD 2310 in a winter environment. Activities may include cross country skiing, backcountry skiing, snow-shoeing, and winter camping.

OUTD 2510
Inquiry and Analysis in ORPT
0-0; 2-2
Prerequisite: OUTD 1010, 1110, 1230 and 1510
An introduction to social science approaches to the collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of information relevant to outdoor recreation, parks and tourism. This course introduces the philosophical and methodological traditions, including quantitative and qualitative techniques, applicable to study in these fields. Lab sessions include computer use.

OUTD 2750
Theory and Practice of Tourism
0-0; 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 1010, 1110, 1230 and 1510
Study of the conceptual and operational aspects of the tourism industry from a variety of perspectives including motivations for travel, social and economic impact, product development, market analysis and future trends. Specific examples of natural resource tourism enterprises will be examined within the context of local, regional, national and international tourism development strategies and structures.
Students who have taken OUTD 1750 previously may not take OUTD 2750 for credit.

OUTD 2810
Theory and Practice of Parks
0-0; 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 1010, 1110, 1230 and 1510; or permission of the instructor
An examination of ecological, social and recreational issues in the establishment, planning and management of parks and protected areas at the provincial and national levels with respect to Ontario and Canada. Emphasis is placed on legislation and policy, the principles of recreation resource management and the dilemma of managing for both protection and use.

OUTD 3075
Honours Project I
0-0; 3-0
Prerequisites: OUTD 2510 and 3510
Under the supervision of a faculty member, students will develop and design research projects. Students who have selected a specialization must undertake an honours project that falls within that specialization.

OUTD 3171
Outdoor Education Practices
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2750 and 2810
Examines the principles and practices of outdoor education in its relation to outdoor recreation fields. Historical development of the concept of outdoor education and its impact on Canadian and other societies will be the focus. The course will also explore relevant approaches to applying outdoor education principles in a variety of recreation settings.

OUTD 3230
Ecological Literacy
1.5-4; 0-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2750 and 2810
Examines theoretical and practical applications of ecological literacy as it pertains to promoting sustainable land/water practices within the outdoor recreation, parks, and tourism professions. Fieldwork enables direct study of the local bioregion with particular emphasis on cultural dimensions, ecological processes, ecological indicators, wildlife viewing opportunities, and safety gained through place-based awareness.
Students who have taken OUTD 2410 for credit may not take 3230 for credit.

OUTD 3290
Forest Recreation Management
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisites: OUTD 1010, 1110, 1230 and 1510; or permission of the instructor
An introduction to the conceptual and operational aspects of planning and managing for outdoor recreation in the context of sustainable, integrated forestry. This course evaluates the socio-cultural, silvicultural, economic, entrepreneurial, and managerial dimensions of providing recreation and tourism opportunities in a multiple use forest. Current management practices are studied through regional case studies and critically examined against a background of national and international approaches.
Students who have taken OUTD 2290 previously may not take OUTD 3290 for credit.

OUTD 3310
Expedition Management
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2310, 2350, 2750 and 2810
An examination of the concepts and processes involved in the planning and management of outdoor field activities. A major expedition project will encompass specific areas such as risk management, human resources, logistics, environmental and cultural concerns, financing and sponsorship. Various types of expeditions will be studied.

OUTD 3312
Risk Management and Legal Liability in Outdoor Recreation
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210
An in-depth investigation of the nature and structure of risk in outdoor recreation environments. Methods to identify, reduce and manage risks will be addressed at both institutional and operational levels. Legal considerations for outdoor program delivery will also be a focus with case studies and legal proceedings being used to analyze and reinforce course content.

OUTD 3311
Outdoor Adventure Leadership
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2310, 2350, 2750 and 2810
An applied exploration of the design, delivery and evaluation of selected outdoor recreation activities. Programming instruction and supervisory aspects are embedded within the technical components of the activities presented in the course.

OUTD 3331 (ST)
Topics in Leadership
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210
Topics of special interest in the leadership specialization.
NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR

OUTD 3370
Field Explorations I
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2310, 2350, 2750 and 2810
Theoretical and applied topics related to outdoor leadership, parks and tourism are examined through classroom and field activities. The course includes an extensive field trip in an area suitably diverse in natural and cultural resources. Before registering in this course, students must have completed an approved instructor's level certification course.

OUTD 3410
Heritage Interpretation in ORPT
0-0; 2-2
Prerequisite: OUTD 2810 and 3230
An in-depth examination of the principles and practices of heritage interpretation. Relevant theories in communication, education, social psychology and landscape ecology are applied to the planning, delivery, and evaluation of interpretative services. Laboratory sessions will provide the opportunity to develop relevant communication and computer skills.

OUTD 3415
GIS in Parks & Protected Areas
2-2; or 2-2
Prerequisite: OUTD 2810 and Geography 2211
An examination of the principles and techniques of analysis, modelling and display of data through Geographic Information Systems (GIS) with a focus on applications in parks and protected areas. The applications will use both natural science and social science data.
May not be taken as Geography 3251.

OUTD 3510
Advanced Inquiry and Analysis
2-2; 0-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2510, 2750 and 2810
A continuation and further development of material in OUTD 2510.

OUTD 3531 (ST)
Topics in Tourism
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2750
Topics of special interest in the tourism specialization.
NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR

OUTD 3610
Inclusive and Special Recreation
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2750 and 2810
An investigation of the knowledge and understanding of health conditions and social contexts of individuals which affect their ability to engage in outdoor recreational activities. Societal attitudes towards, and programming for, populations with particular requirements for participation in outdoor recreation will also be studied.

OUTD 3731
Commercial Recreation and Tourism
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2750 and 2810; or permission of the instructor
Business principles associated with developing and managing a nature-based business will be examined. Major topics will include entrepreneurship, product development, marketing, promotional activities and financial analysis. Emphasis will be placed upon the development of a comprehensive business plan.
Students who have previously taken OUTD 4731 may not take OUTD 3731 for credit.

OUTD 3733
Rural Community Tourism Planning
3-0; or 3-0
An examination of the process and outcomes of community-based tourism planning in predominately rural locations. Theories of community, tourism and sustainability are examined as they relate to planning. Community-based planning frameworks are investigated, including the determination of local attractions (physical, cultural and environmental), marketing, accessibility and implementation along with the implications of that development on the community economy, society and environment. Guest speakers, case studies and student projects will supplement lectures.

OUTD 3771
Nature-based Tourism
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2750 and 2810; or permission of the instructor
A critical examination of the philosophical and contemporary concepts and issues associated with nature-based tourism. Emphasis is placed on examining the environmental, social, economic and cultural context in which nature-based tourism occurs. Specific examples of sustainable tourism guidelines and nature-based tourism development will be examined within local, regional, national and international contexts.

OUTD 3811
Biophysical Dimensions of Human Use in Parks and Protected Area Management
Prerequisite: OUTD 2810
An examination of the consequences of human use activities on biophysical components, functions and processes within protected ecosystems. The course provides theoretical and applied introductions to visitor impact monitoring, assessment, evaluation and management techniques. The application of these methods is illustrated with case studies on impacts related to a variety of recreation and tourism activities, visitor facility developments and associated park management operations.

OUTD 3812
Human Dimensions in Parks and Protected Area Management
Prerequisite: OUTD 2810
An examination of the issues involved in understanding and managing human use in and around parks and protected areas. Human dimensions issues are considered in the establishing and management phases of protected area management. In the former, human dimensions analysis focuses upon local and regional stakeholders and the impact of the establishment of parks and protected areas upon existing ways of life. In the latter, human dimensions are examined in two ways: from their demographic, socio-economic and psychological aspects through social carrying capacity; and, from their regional aspects in which parks and protected areas are associated with surrounding communities. Integrating human dimensions information and decision making into ecosystem managment in parks and protected areas is an underlying theme in the course. Guest speakers, case studies and student projects will supplement lectures and seminars.

OUTD 3831 (ST)
Topics in Parks
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2810
Topics of special interest in the parks specialization.
NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR

OUTD 3911
Field Placement ­ Outdoor Recreation
12-15 days placement
Planned and supervised activities in approved work settings in organizations related to outdoor recreation, leadership, parks and/or tourism.
NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR

OUTD 4011 (ST)
Directed Studies in ORPT
Prerequisite: Permission of the School
An opportunity for advanced study in approved topics in outdoor leadership, parks or tourism.

OUTD 4075
Honours Project II
3-0; 0-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 3075
Students will complete the work commenced in OUTD 3075 under the direction of their supervisor.

OUTD 4131
Experiential Education in OR
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2750 and 2810
An exploration of the historical, philosophical, spiritual, psychological foundations, theories and practices of experiential education in Outdoor Recreation. Contemporary issues, future and international trends will also be investigated.

OUTD 4170
Private Stewardship
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2810 and 3230
The role of private stewardship as a complementary landscape planning tool for the protection of biological diversity and the provision of outdoor recreation opportunities will be explored. International, national and regional case studies will be used to present and analyse the variety of options available to landowners, as well as to examine co-operative partnerships between private and public landowners.

OUTD 4190
Deep Ecological Perspectives
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 3230
An exploration of the varieties of deep ecological theory, its criticisms and implications for application in outdoor recreation and society at large. The relationship between theory and the deep ecology movement will be analysed with a focus on the historical development of, and current issues in, deep ecological thought. Opportunities are given to develop a more specialized topic of interest.
NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR

OUTD 4311
Advanced Outdoor Adventure Leadership
Prerequisite: OUTD 3311
Consist of an advanced level applied experience in the design, development, delivery and evaluation of outdoor recreation activities. Emphasis will be on the overall management and instructional aspects of the activities as related to senior positions in the outdoor field.

OUTD 4351
Outdoor Centre Management
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2750 and 2810
Study of the philosophies, planning, programming, management and operations of nature, outdoor education and wilderness centres and youth camps in Canada and elsewhere in the world. Case studies of established centres such as NOLS, Outward Bound, Sigurd Olsen and Wolf Ridge will be used to illustrate how differences in philosophy and program are related to markets, regulations and operations.

OUTD 4370
Field Explorations II
Prerequisite: OUTD 3370
An opportunity for students to experience and study outdoor recreation, parks and tourism settings quite different from those with which they are familiar. This course includes an extensive field trip to an area which supports a wide array of outdoor leadership, parks and tourism facilities or opportunities.
NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR

OUTD 4371
Advanced Group Dynamics
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2750 and 2810
A critical exploration of the theories, applications, and current research findings required to understand how groups function effectively. Theories and exercises will be integrated into an experiential approach to foster the learning of advanced interpersonal skills and strategies.

OUTD 4411
Advanced Heritage Interpretation
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 3410
An opportunity for students to apply knowledge and skills concerning interpretation in specific nature-based tourism, outdoor leadership and parks contexts. Case studies in interpretive planning form the basis for workshops and seminars.

OUTD 4415
Advanced GIS and Remote Sensing
2-2; or 2-2
Prerequisite: OUTD 3415
Further development of the material introduced in OUTD 3415 and study of the contributions of remote sensing in management planning and recreation resource management in parks and protected areas.

OUTD 4510
Polar Tourism
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: A third year tourism specialization course or permission of the instructor
An exploration of the patterns of tourism in polar regions. This course examines the history and development of tourism activity in these regions as well as management and regulation of tourism in relation to the characteristics of polar environments and other human activities. The course may include a field trip to a destination in the Arctic or the Antarctic.

OUTD 4611
Therapeutic Recreation
2-2; or 2-2
Prerequisite: OUTD 3610
An advanced investigation of theory, methods and concerns of inclusive and special recreation in outdoor environments. Emphasis will be placed on therapeutic recreation practices, especially those utilizing out-of-doors as the primary medium. Theoretical and applied aspects of the topic area will merge during visits to institutional and community programs.

OUTD 4732
Tourism Governance and Sustainability
A critical examination of the theories and concepts associated with the governance of nature-based tourism for sustainability. The course explores tourism governance from the macro to the micro scale and focuses on local community rules and social norms and their interaction with external rules. Case studies, student projects and guest speakers are used to demonstrate how the governance of nature-based tourism is critical to its sustainability.

OUTD 4733
Rural Community Tourism Development
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 3733
An advanced course that examines the theories and issues of community-based tourism development. Students will apply knowledge and skills gained from OUTD 3733 in specific local, regional and national contexts. In addition to case study analysis in workshops and seminars, students will be given the opportunity to work with community organizations to develop and/or implement tourism related plans within the region.

OUTD 4810
Park Planning and Management
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 3811 and 3812
A critical examination of key issues in parks and protected areas planning and management in Canada. Topics such as managing for ecological integrity, visitor management, co-management regimes and establishing new parks are considered through the use of seminars, workshops and student projects and with the assistance of guest speakers.

OUTD 4813
Coastal and Marine Recreation
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2810
An examination of the characteristics of freshwater and marine ecosystems and their use for recreation and tourism. The course explores jurisdiction, regulation and management, and integrated planning. Through the use of lectures, formal discussions, guest speakers and case studies, the course seeks to enhance students' understanding of a key environment for recreation and tourism.

OUTD 4815/Environmental Studies 4815
Wilderness Issues
3-0; or 3-0
Prerequisite: OUTD 2210, 2750, 2810 or permission of the instructor
An examination of the concept of wilderness, and its evolution and manifestation in Canada and other countries from a variety of perspectives. Topics covered will include wilderness-related issues, and the planning and management of human activities in a wilderness context.

OUTD 4915
Field Placement - Leadership
12-15 days placement
Planned and supervised practice in the field of leadership in approved settings in which students have an opportunity to apply theory and principles learned in the classroom.
NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR

OUTD 4916
Field Placement - Parks
12-15 days placement
Planned and supervised practice in the field of parks in approved settings in which students have an opportunity to apply theory and principles learned in the classroom.
NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR

OUTD 4917
Field Placement - Tourism
12-15 days placement
Planned and supervised practice in the field of tourism in approved settings in which students have an opportunity to apply theory and principles learned in the classroom.
NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR

 

GRADUATE COURSES

Information regarding the graduate program and courses offered by the School of Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism may be found in the Faculty of Graduate Studies section of this Calendar on page 294.


See also:
Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism Undergraduate Programs
Faculty of Graduate Studies
- Information/Regulations
- School of Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism - Nature-Based Recreation and Tourism

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2007-2008 Calendar version