Associate Professor and Acting Director B. Cuthbertson
Professor and Graduate Co-ordinator M.E. Johnston
Professors R. Dilley (Geography),
  M.E. Johnston,
  N. McIntyre,
  R.J. Payne
Associate Professors L. Curthoys,
  B. Cuthbertson,
  T. Potter,
  C. Russell (Education)
  M. Yuan
Assistant Professor R. Koster,
  R.H. Lemelin,
  M. Robson,
Adjunct Professors L. Hunt,
  M. Rudd



Lakehead University offers a Master of Environmental Studies degree in Nature-Based Recreation and Tourism. Nature-Based Recreation and Tourism is an interdisciplinary area of study that has its roots in social sciences such as leisure studies, human geography, sociology, psychology and anthropology, in the professional discipline of forestry and in environmental studies. The master's program covers the following areas of content:
Recreation and Tourism Behaviour which focuses on the individuals and groups whose participation in recreation and tourism activities occur in natural settings such as parks, conservation areas and Crown Lands;
Policy, Planning and Management which concerns issues such as social and economic impact assessment, market research and analysis, cost-benefit analysis and planning methodologies that support an integrated form of ecosystem management and a philosophy as sustainability.
Outdoor Leadership which addresses the theory, research and practice of leadership in nature-based recreation and tourism.



Candidates will be accepted under the University regulations governing the Master's degrees (see pages 267-269) provided they also satisfy additional requirements, if applicable, as listed below.

Application deadline is February 1. Late applications may be considered for admission, but may not be considered for funding.

Prospective students should have completed a four-year undergraduate degree in recreation or tourism studies; however, students with a four-year undergraduate degree in the social sciences (sociology, psychology, anthropology, political science, human geography) or other disciplines such as forestry, environmental studies or planning, will also be considered for admission. Prospective students who possess a four-year undergraduate degree in natural science (e.g. ecology, biology) and who have been working in agencies with responsibilities for environmental or ecosystem management may also be deemed appropriate candidates for admission.



Students are bound by the regulations outlined in the Graduate Studies section, pages 267-269 of this Calendar.


The MES in Nature-Based Recreation and Tourism consists of five full course equivalents of which the thesis is equivalent to two FCEs. The student will take two and one-half FCE required courses: OUTD 5010, 5030, 5050, 5131 and 5133. The remaining half-course equivalent elective may be taken from graduate courses in Outdoor Recreation. Subject to the approval of the academic units, students may choose their half-course elective from graduate courses offered outside the School.


Graduate Courses

Courses not offered this academic year (fall/winter terms) are indicated by the words "NOT OFFERED THIS YEAR" below the course description. Nevertheless, students should refer to the Timetable as a final check.

(Information about Course Numbering System)

Outdoor Recreation 5010
Research Design
An overview of the main approaches to social science research with a particular emphasis on their application to the fields of nature-based recreation and tourism. The course content also serves as the basis for the development of the thesis proposal.

Outdoor Recreation 5030
Quantitative Methods for Research and Inquiry
Quantitative inquiry approaches to research, including survey research, experimental research, and the use of secondary data and their application to the fields of nature-based recreation and tourism are examined.

Outdoor Recreation 5050
Qualitative Methods for Research and Inquiry
An examination of various traditions in qualitative inquiry, including interpretivism, constructivism, constructionism, hermeneutics, ethnography, and their extension into mixed-method approaches to research design and their application to the fields of nature-based recreation and tourism.

Outdoor Recreation 5131
Recreation and Tourism Behaviour in Natural Settings
An examination of the theoretical perspectives employed in understanding people's recreational and touristic behaviours in natural settings.

Outdoor Recreation 5133
Policy and Planning for Recreation and Tourism in Natural Settings
The frameworks commonly used to plan and manage recreation and tourism use of natural settings, especially where those settings also involve a variety of other uses.

Outdoor Recreation 5311
Advanced Outdoor Adventure Leadership
An application of the theories, design, development, delivery and evaluation of outdoor leadership programmes.
Students who have taken OUTD 4311 may not take OUTD 5311 for credit.

Outdoor Recreation 5371
Advanced Group Dynamics
A critical examination of theories, research and application related to how groups function.
Students who have taken OUTD 4371 may not take OUTD 5371 for credit.

Outdoor Recreation 5510
Advanced Studies in Heritage Interpretation
The application of concepts and knowledge concerning interpretation in specific natural settings. Case studies and regional projects in interpretation form the basis for workshops and seminars.
Students who have taken OUTD 4410 may not take OUTD 5510 for credit.

Outdoor Recreation 5515
Advanced GIS and Remote Sensing in Parks and Protected Areas
A study of the contributions of remote sensing and GIS to data acquisition and analysis. Applications emphasize the role of GIS and remote sensing in management planning and recreation resource management.
Students who have taken OUTD 4515 may not take OUTD 5515 for credit.

Outdoor Recreation 5550
Coastal and Marine Recreation
An examination of the use of freshwater and marine ecosystems as settings for recreation and tourism. Issues of jurisdiction, regulation, management and integrated planning are considered in the context of recreation and tourism activities.

Outdoor Recreation 5555
Wilderness Issues
The wilderness concept and its evolution and manifestation in Canada and other countries.
Students who have taken OUTD 4815 may not take OUTD 5555 for credit.

OUTD 5732
Tourism Governance and Sustainability
3-0; or 3-0
A critical examination of the theories and concepts associated with the governance of nature-based tourism for sustainability. The course explores tourism governance from the macro to the micro scale and focuses on local community rules and social norms and their interaction with external rules.
Students who have taken OUTD 4732 may not take OUTD 5732 for credit.

OUTD 5733
Rural Community Tourism Development
3-0; or 3-0
An advanced course that examines the theories and issues of community-based tourism development. Students will apply knowledge and skills to specific local, regional and national contexts in case study analysis.
Students who have taken OUTD 4733 may not take OUTD 5733 for credit.

Outdoor Recreation 5901 (9901)
Master's Thesis


See also:
Faculty of Graduate Studies - Information/Regulations
School of Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism - Undergraduate

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2007-2008 Calendar version