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Thunder Bay • Orillia

Geography (GEOG) Courses Listing

Geography 1150 The Environment View Details
An introduction to current environmental issues using an approach which stresses the interrelationships between environments and societies. The major environmental and societal components of the earth/atmosphere system will be examined to provide a base for the consideration of the nature and development of modern environmental problems. Potential solutions to the problems will be evaluated through consideration of such elements as technology, politics, economics and planning.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 1150
Offering: 3-0; 0-0
Notes: Students may only take one of Geography 1150, Environmental Studies 1150, Geography 1170, or Environmental Studies 1170, for credit. An additional fee (see Miscellaneous fees) is required for this course.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 1170 The Environment with Laboratory View Details
An introduction to current environmental issues using an approach which stresses the interrelationships between environments and societies. The major environmental and societal components of the earth/atmosphere system will be examined to provide a base for the consideration of the nature and development of modern environmental problems. Potential solutions to the problems will be evaluated through consideration of such elements as technology, politics, economics and planning. Laboratory exercises provide practice and field-based experiences.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 1170
Offering: 3-3; 3-3
Notes: Enrolment limited to Geography, Environmental Studies and Natural Resources Management majors. Students contemplating the Geomatics Certificate program are encouraged to take Geography 1170 instead of Geography 1150. An additional fee (see Miscellaneous fees) is required for this course. Students may only take one of Geography 1150, Environmental Studies 1150, Geography 1170, or Environmental Studies 1170, for credit.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 1190 Indigenous Knowledge, Science and the Environment View Details
Current environment and sustainability issues will be examined using a geographical approach that incorporates Indigenous knowledge, worldviews and practices. By comparing traditional ecological knowledge with western scientific approaches, students will gain an enhanced understanding of ecosystems and society’s place within it. The course engages students in case studies that exemplify the role of Indigenous Peoples in ecosystem management in Canada, in particular. The role of treaties and aboriginal rights in federal and provincial environment and resource management, the impact of environmental law decisions on Indigenous Peoples, and the adversarial and collaborative roles that Indigenous Peoples play to respond to current environmental changes and challenges will be the focus of key topics.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 1190
Offering: 3-0; 3-0
Course Classifications: Type E: Indigenous Content

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Geography 2211 Map and Air Photo Interpretation View Details
The first half of this course examines basic cartographic concepts and map reading skills related to understanding and analyzing spatial information. The second half covers manual air photo interpretation skills and making measurements from aerial photography (photogrammetry).
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1120 or 1140 or permission of the instructor
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 2232 Introduction to Geomatics and GIS View Details
An introduction to the fundamental principles and techniques that comprise the field of geomatics, especially Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Topics include the collection and visualization of geographical data through various means, database construction and manipulation, and exposure to analog and digital spatial technologies, such as GPS, surveying and digital aerial photography.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 2-3; or 2-3
Notes: An additional fee (see Miscellaneous Fees) is required for this course.
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 2251 Geographical Inquiry and Interpretation View Details
Approaches to the collection, analysis, display, and interpretation of information pertaining to geographical landscapes. Introduction to philosophical and methodological traditions of geographical inquiry.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Course Classifications:
  • Type A: Humanities
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 2271 Quantitative Methods in Geography View Details
Methods and techniques for handling, describing and analyzing geographical data. The application of statistical and mathematical techniques in geography.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-1.5; or 3-1.5
Course Classifications:
  • Type A: Humanities
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 2331 Climatology View Details
An examination of atmosphere processes, weather phenomena, macroclimates, microclimates and the nature of climatic change. Laboratory work will include the analysis of meteorological and climatological data and the study of weather maps.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 2331
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 2351 Geomorphology View Details
An examination of terrestrial and marine geomorphological processes, and the effects of structure, time and climatic change on the development of landforms. Laboratory work will include the analysis of landforms from maps and aerial photographs.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 2351
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Notes: An additional fee (see Miscellaneous Fees) is required for this course.
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 2511 Economic Geography View Details
The geographical view of economic activities, examining spatial organization and spatial interaction within and between local, regional and world economies. Locational characteristics of primary, secondary and tertiary activities are evaluated, focusing on topics of current concern.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: May not be taken as Economics 2511.
Course Classifications: Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 2811 Cultural Geography View Details
Examination of the spatial aspects of human culture and of the techniques used to study them. Topics covered include cultural regions, cultural diffusion, agricultural patterns and the spatial aspects of politics, language, religion, race and ethnicity.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Course Classifications:
  • Type A: Humanities
  • Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 3251 Geographic Information Systems View Details
An introduction to the fundamental principles and techniques of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Topics include the collection and visualization of digital data, database construction and manipulation, and the production of cartographically-sound maps using industry-standard GIS software.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2211 or permission of the instructor
Offering: 2-3; or 2-3
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3253 Cartography View Details
A rigorous introduction to the history, theory and techniques of cartography, with a particular focus on computer cartography. Successful students will produce several professional-quality maps during the course.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2232 and 2271, or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Offering: 3-2; or 3-2
Notes: An additional fee (see Miscellaneous Fees) is required for this course.
Course Classifications:
  • Type A: Humanities
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3255 Geography Field Methods View Details
An introduction to field methods used by geographers through a series of off-campus labs, field trips and weekend field excursions. Topics covered will vary from year to year, dependent on the expertise of the course instructors, but will include physical, human and environmental aspects of Geography. An extra course fee will be charged to cover travel and accommodation costs. Students will be required to have personal gear and equipment necessary to carry out field work. These equipment needs will be posted on the Department's website from year to year.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 2-4; 0-0
Notes: Open only to third or fourth year students in any Geography program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3311 Environmental Geomorphology View Details
An examination of applied geomorphological studies in selected fields and their use in determining the physical impact of human activities and assessing environmental quality.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 2351 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3311
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3313 Introduction to Soil Science View Details
An introduction to the principles of soil science. Soil will be studied as an organized natural body, composed of unconsolidated solid material, living material, gases and water. Laboratory exercises and field work will be used to demonstrate concepts associated with soil testing and research.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3314/Geology 3313
Offering: 3-2; or 3-2
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3315 Glacial Systems View Details
A systems approach to understanding the processes, deposits and nature of past glaciations in earth history. Glacial deposits from Precambrian to Recent will be examined, with such topics such as the geochronology of Recent deposits, the effects of northern hemisphere glaciation and the use of glacial deposits in mineral exploration. Students will be required to attend a number of day-long field trips to study local glacial deposits.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 2351 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Geology 3130
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: May not be taken as Geology 3130
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3317 Fluvial Geomorphology View Details
An examination of selected aspects of fluvial processes, sediments and landforms.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2351 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3317
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3331 Environmental Climatology View Details
An examination of those global environmental issues which have a climatological element in their make-up. Topics to be covered will include acid rain, global warming, atmospheric turbidity, ozone depletion and nuclear winter. Each will be considered in terms of its causes, impacts and potential solution.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 2331 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3331
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3411 Resource Management and Sustainability View Details
A focus on resource management from ecological, economic, social/behavioural and institutional/decision-making perspectives. Emphasis is given to the conflicts between economic growth (i.e. often from resource exploitation) and resource sustainability. The course also emphasizes the ecological limits of renewable resources and what resources depletion means for future generations. Opportunities for achieving sustainable resource use, especially here in Canada, are discussed.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3411
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Course Classifications: Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 3431 Geography of Energy View Details
A geographical approach to the development and utilization of energy resources. The history and impact of past and present energy use will be examined. Current and proposed Canadian and international efforts to reduce emissions associated with energy will be featured.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3431
Offering: 3-2; or 3-2
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3471 Environmental Assessment and Management View Details
An examination of the basic principles of biophysical and socio-economic impact assessment and how these are integrated into environmental management policies. Particular attention will be paid to environmental management systems.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3471
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3531 Behavioural Geography View Details
Examination of the role of spatial cognition in geographical behaviour. The importance of mental maps, territoriality and stereotyping in spatial behaviour. Examination of cultural and personal variations in attitudes towards landscape in regional and world images and in reactions to natural hazards.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 2811 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 3611 Geography of the United States View Details
Approaches to various physical, cultural and economic elements of the geography of the United States of America: the country as a whole and selected problem areas.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type A: Humanities
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3631 Geography of Canada View Details
Regional geography of Canada with an emphasis on physical setting of regions, spatial patterns of economic activities and urbanization, core-periphery relationships between and within regions, and national and regional impacts of global economic restructuring.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type A: Humanities
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3633 Geography of the Lake Superior Basin View Details
An examination of early formation and glacial features of Lake Superior, travel and commerce, and more recent development based on various resources. Topics in the final weeks focus on recent and current economic developments and issues such as environmental regulation and parkland management.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3671 Geography of the Arctic Region View Details
An exploration of the commonalities and differences between the various countries and other transnational and national sub-regions of the Arctic with an emphasis on physical environments, natural resources, conservation, indigenous peoples and international concerns.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Northern Studies 3671/Anthropology 3671
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 3691 Landscapes View Details
A detailed overview of the bio-cultural regions of the world, focussing on their pre-industrial state, the impacts of globalization, and current and future efforts to foster long-term bio-cultural sustainability.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 3691
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 3693 Geography of Northern Europe View Details
A systematic regional survey to gain an appreciation of regional cultural diversity, history, politics and economy of the Northern European cultural region. Broad course topics will be introduced in lectures while assigned readings will allow for more detailed regional case studies. Case studies will include specific regional issues as well as any relevant and current news-related topics.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 3731 Urban Residential Structure View Details
An examination of the physical and social structure of the North American city, with emphasis on problems in modern urban planning. Specific reference is made to the definition and implementation of sustainable community designs.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 3751 Retail Location View Details
The study of retailing activity within cities from a geographical perspective. Examination of urban shopping areas with respect to their form, historical evolution, present problems and future prospects. Analysis of the location decision-making of retail firms and spatial behaviour of consumers.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 3811 Political Geography View Details
A geographical approach to political patterns on a world, regional and local scale. The concepts of the territorial state, nation and nationalism, and geopolitical power. Electoral geography and patterns in local politics.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third or fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 3911 Special Topic in Geography View Details
Half course in a specially-chosen field of geographical interest.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Special Topic: Yes
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.

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Geography 4011 Honours Thesis Preparation View Details
Fall Term. A research project will be chosen after consultation with the department and with the agreement of the professor who will supervise the work. Students are advised to begin this work in the summer before their final year. This first part of the thesis class involves preparation of a literature review and development of a research methods design. Attendance at a number of workshops is required. There will be an oral presentation at the end of the term. Students who are considering applying for graduate school, or who hope to apply Geography in a professional field such as planning or environmental management, are most strongly advised to complete an Honours Thesis. Restricted to students in the fourth year of an Honours Geography program.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2251 and 2271; or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Notes: Students in Geography 4011 and 4013 will be expected to bear the costs of any field research required. Restricted to students in the fourth year of an Honours Geography program.

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Geography 4013 Honours Thesis View Details
Completion of a thesis, based on individual original research, to be submitted by the date posted by the Department of Geography and the Environment. Attendance at a number of workshops is required. There will be an oral presentation at the end of the term.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

a minimum mark of 70% in Geography 4011 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 0-0; 3-0
Notes: Students in Geography 4011 and 4013 will be expected to bear the costs of any field research required.

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Geography 4211 Advanced GIS and Spatial Analysis View Details
An advanced course in the applications of geographic information systems, spatial analysis, and the display of spatial data. Practical exercises will provide hands-on experience using GIS software. Specific applications covered depend upon the expertise of the instructor.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2232 and 2271; or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4231 Remote Sensing View Details
An introduction to remote sensing, including digital image acquisition, geometric and atmospheric correction, and information extraction techniques. Hands-on experience of digital image processing with computer software will be provided.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2232 and 2271; or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Offering: 2-2; or 2-2
Notes: An additional fee (see Miscellaneous Fees) is required for this course.
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4271 Field Studies View Details
Students participate in a five to seven day excursion or a series of excursions to examine characteristics of both the physical and cultural landscape. Sites visited will vary depending on the central theme chosen for the course. The field component is followed by a classroom component involving identification and assessment of concepts and issues arising from the field excursion, oral presentations and discussions, and the submission of a research essay.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor and Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Notes: Open only to third or fourth year students in any program, except with permission of the instructor and Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment. A fee is assessed to cover travel and accommodation costs.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4291 International Field Study View Details
An opportunity for students to conduct structured and supervised geographical fieldwork in an international setting. Interaction will be provided with local geographers and other experts. A specific destination will be arranged each time the course is offered.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Notes: Open to third or fourth year students in any program, with permission of the instructor and Chair of the Department. A fee is assessed to cover the travel and accommodation costs.
Course Classifications:
  • Type A: Humanities
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4333 Advanced Glacial Geomorphology View Details
Processes and landforms associated with modern and past glacial environments. Glacial dynamics, processes of erosion, transportation and deposition, and glaciotectonism will be studied. Glacial environment continuum, with the associated subglacial, ice-marginal and proglacial, sediments and landforms will also be considered. Practical exercises will be emphasized.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2351 and 3315; or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4351 Global Climate Change View Details
An interdisciplinary analysis of the complex issue of global climatic change. Course investigates the physics and causes of change, the likely environmental and socio-economic impacts, and the politics and technologies behind mitigation and adaption. A portion of the course will also be given over to student-led exploration of current research on a topic of their choice.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 2331 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4351
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the instructor.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4411 Water Resources Management View Details
Geographical aspects of physical water resources and human control systems will be studied. Emphasis will be placed on complex management challenges, derived from the interaction between the water cycle and human control agencies. Major themes include water supply, water quality, hydropower and flood control; each of which will be examined across a range of scales, technologies and societies.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4411
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4431 Conservation Geography View Details
Topics covered will include the history of conservation as embedded in different cultures. A major focus of the course is the examination of national and international case studies to explore the complex relationships between biological conservation, culture and economic development.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4431
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4451 Geography of Risk and Hazard View Details
An examination of the geographic theories, constructs, frameworks and methods used in the study of risk and hazard. Emphasis is placed upon human-environment interaction in environmental and technological hazards.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Cross-List(s): Environmental Studies 4451
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4731 Urban Geography View Details
Selected topics pertaining to the economic development of urban environments with a focus on such topics as: demographic change; housing market dynamics and neighbourhood transition; decentralization of commercial and industrial activity; the revitalization of core areas; local adaptation to the forces of global economic restructuring.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2511 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications: Type B: Social Sciences

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Geography 4771 Sustainable Communities View Details
A review of current literature and practical applications relating to concept of sustainable community planning, with specific reference to neighbourhood design, transportation systems, land use zoning, water and energy usage, and agriculture. The measurement of urban sustainability and the sustainability of human activities at regional and city scales are also considered.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4811 Rural Geography View Details
A course dealing with the theories, data, research procedures and planning policies used in rural geography. The focus is on such topics as agriculture, settlement, land use, landscape evaluation and tourism.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2811 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type A: Humanities
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4831 Indigenous Geographies of Mountain Areas View Details
Theory and practice in the ethnoscience of mountain peoples: especially ethnogeographic aspects of mountain botany, zoology, ecology and cartography. Students will work on case studies in consultation with the instructor and with indigenous groups and scholars in other parts of the world.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s):

Geography 1150 or 1170 or permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment

Offering: 3-0; or 3-0
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.
Course Classifications:
  • Type A: Humanities
  • Type B: Social Sciences
  • Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

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Geography 4911 Special Topic in Advanced Geography: Half Year View Details
Half course in a specially-chosen field of geographical interest, at the advanced level.
Credit Weight: 0.5
Prerequisite(s): Permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment
Special Topic: Yes
Notes: Open only to students in the third and fourth year of any program except with permission of the Chair of the Department of Geography and the Environment.

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