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Department Regulations

Psychology Graduate Programs Regulations

MA, MSc and PhD Degrees

A minimum grade of 70% is required in each course in the MA and PhD programs. (The requirement for the MA is an exception to the Faculty of Graduate Studies Masters Regulation regarding Minimum Satisfactory Academic Standing.) A 70% or better overall average with no more than one full course equivalent graded C is required in the MSc program (see Graduate Studies Masters Regulations, Minimum Satisfactory Academic Standing). Regular attendance in all graduate courses is mandatory. Consequences of non-attendance will be specified in individual course syllabi.

To ensure that students are progressing satisfactorily toward the achievement of their academic goals, each student's progress is reviewed by the departmental Graduate Studies Committee according to the procedures established by the Department. Should any students be deemed unsuitable to continue for academic reasons or for reasons of personal unsuitability, such students may be requested to withdraw from the program.

PhD Degrees

(a) Course Requirements

(i) PhD, Clinical Psychology Field
In addition, in accord with both CPA and APA guidelines, students must complete four of their six half-courses in each of four cognate areas: biological, cognitive/affective, social/developmental, and individual differences bases of behaviour. A given half-course can fulfill only one of these cognate requirements. Successful completion of graduate level psychology courses taken during the Master's degree program can be counted toward an applicable cognate area, with the approval of the Psychology Graduate Studies Committee. However, such courses will not count as credits towards the PhD degree.

Competence in each cognate area is demonstrated by successfully completing a minimum of one half-course electives in each of the four areas indicated below:

Cognate Areas
I Biological
Psychology 5111 - Cognitive Neuropsychology
Psychology 5471 - Psychopharmacology
Psychology 5475 - Behavioural Endocrinology
Psychology 5491 - Clinical Psychopharmacology
Psychology 5751 - Topics in Biological Psychology
II Cognitive-Affective
Psychology 5075 - Mood Disorders
Psychology 5111 - Cognitive Neuropsychology
III Social-developmental
Psychology 5110 - Interpersonal Behaviour in Psychopathology
Psychology 5130 - Social Cognition
Psychology 5250 - Evaluation in a Health and Social Service Context
Psychology 6331 - Psychosocial Problems Across the Life Span
Psychology 6531 - Community and Rural Psychology
IV Individual Differences
Psychology 5011 - Correctional Psychology
Psychology 5035 - Health Psychology
Psychology 5055 - Eating Disorders and Obesity
Psychology 5211 - Psychogerontology
Psychology 5415 - Learning Disabilities
Across Areas
Psychology 5801 - Specialized Readings and Research Techniques (one FCE)
Psychology 5811 - Specialized Readings and Research Techniques

Note 1:
Students in the Clinical Psychology programs must choose one half-course from each of the four cognate areas. A given half-course can fulfill only one of these cognate requirements. Psychology 5801 and/or Psychology 5811 may substititue for one of the areas. Students in the PhD Clinical Psychology field must have completed the above requirement in either a master's or doctoral program.

Note 2:
These courses are typically offered only every second year.

All psychology graduate courses for which students meet the prerequisites are open to students in the PhD Clinical Psychology field. Some courses are required in order to obtain the PhD degree, whereas other courses are optional. With the approval of the course instructor and the Psychology Graduate Studies Committee, a required course may be waived if a student has successfully completed its equivalent at a graduate level; however, the student must substitute another credit in its place. Requests for course waivers must be submitted and approved at the time of admission to the program. To be considered for a course waiver, the student must submit a formal request to the course instructor, along with the official transcript and institutionally prepared course description(s).

(ii) PhD, Psychological Science Field
Students must complete six half-courses in any of the four cognate areas listed above: biological, cognitive/affective, social/developmental, and individual differences bases of behaviour. While any combination of these courses can be taken it is strongly recommend that students in Psychological Science take courses in areas that are relevant to their research interests. This includes taking electives outside of the Psychology Department up to a maximum of one FCE (i.e., relevant biology or chemistry courses for those researching the neurosciences). Successful completion of graduate level psychology courses taken during the master's degree program will not count as credits towards the PhD degree.

(b) Clinical Psychology and Psychological Science Dissertations
A written dissertation proposal must be submitted to the Dissertation Advisory Committee and defended orally by the candidate to the department, preferably by April 30th of PhD year 2. The oral PhD dissertation examination is the culmination of the candidate's research program. It exposes students' work to scholarly criticism by members of the university and gives them the opportunity to defend it. Students are examined by their Dissertation Advisory Committee and by an examiner from outside Lakehead University who has expertise with regards to the topic of research. Oral examinations are open to all faculty members, students and staff of the university and to the public at large.

(c) Practicum
Approximately one-third of the 600 practicum hours is devoted to assessment, and the remaining two-thirds to intervention practice. The department currently offers practicum placements for psychology graduate students at a relatively large number of sites located locally as well as outside of the city. Students working in these settings are supervised by doctoral-level registered clinical psychologists. All placements must be approved by the Clinical Placement Coordinator prior to the practicum start date.

(d) Internship
Students must complete a twelve-month full-time internship (or its equivalent) that is chosen in consultation with the Director of Clinical Training. Further information regarding requirements prerequisite for application and commencement can be found in the course description of Psychology 6092 (9092).

(e) Time Requirements
The PhD normally requires a minimum of three full-time years at Lakehead University, with a following internship year (CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY).
Candidates shall complete the requirements within five years, including one internship year (CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY) and within four years (PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE) from the time of first registration.
Recommendation for a time extension beyond these limits will be forwarded by the academic unit to the Faculty of Graduate Studies Council for consideration and final approval.
Further information about leaves of absence or time extensions can be found in the Faculty of Graduate Studies Doctoral Regulations. Deadlines for program requirements are found in the Graduate Psychology Clinical Program Manual.

(f) Failure
In addition to the regulations of the Faculty of Graduate Studies, a student who has failed a practicum, an internship, the Clinical Practice Comprehensive Examination (Psychology 6811), or the Science Comprehensive Examination (Psychology 6812), following remediation when appropriate, is deemed to have failed the program.


In addition to the University Regulations, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences Regulations, and the Faculty of Graduate Studies Master's Regulations and Doctoral Regulations, of this Calendar, the following regulations of the Department of Psychology also apply to students in the Clinical Psychology MA and PhD programs.

1. Psychology Legislation, Standards, and Guidelines
By accepting a position in the Clinical Psychology MA or PhD Program and registering for the courses in the program, a student agrees to learn and abide by all the legislation, standards, and guidelines relevant to members of the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO). Prior to any client contact, all students will be required to sign an agreement indicating full compliance with the Regulated Health Professions Act, the Psychology Act, the CPO Standards of Professional Conduct, and the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Students must also agree to comply with all applicable provincial and federal laws, and all of the Rules and Code of Conduct of the Provincial Licensing Board of Psychology of any province in which they may train. Failure to abide by any of the legislation, standards, and guidelines could lead to dismissal from the program.

2. Unsafe Practice/Unethical Practice
A practicum or internship clinical training site has the authority to immediately suspend a student from the clinical site on a short-term basis if the site suspects that the student's performance is unsafe or unethical. A clinical training site has the authority to terminate a student's practicum placement if the student's performance is deemed to be unsafe or unethical, and this may ultimately result in termination from the program. Unsafe practice is any situation arising from a student's interaction with a client which places the client and/or student at risk for harm. Unethical practice is any act that violates the principles and values as stated in the CPO Standards of Professional Conduct, and the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists.

3. Professional Suitability
Students in the Clinical Psychology program have the responsibility of producing adequate information for proper evaluation of their professional competence, character, ethics, and other qualifications and for resolving any doubts about such qualifications. As per the CPO, students will be evaluated for competency in five area of skill and knowledge that are important for clinical practice: Interpersonal Relationships, Assessment and Evaluation, Intervention and Consultation, Research, and Ethics and Standards. Evidence of professional unsuitability with respect to any of these areas could lead to termination from the program. Where appropriate, remediation will be attempted first.

4. Clinical Activities
A Registered Psychologist must supervise students' clinical activities in regard to all client contact. Under no circumstance may a student engage in unsupervised practice. Engaging in clinical activities that involve direct billing by the student of a client on a fee-for-service basis is strictly prohibited. Please note that practicum and internship sites typically require their trainees to undergo a Criminal Records check and a Vulnerable Sector check, a child abuse registry check, and/or vaccinations/medical tests before the
commencement of practicum and internship training. Successful completion of such training is required for the Clinical M.A. and Ph.D. degrees. The students are responsible for the costs associated with these checks, vaccinations, and tests.

5. Graduate and Clinical Manuals
Students are expected to be familiar with and abide by all the policies and procedures in the Department of Psychology Graduate and Clinical Program Manuals.