## Physics (PHYS) Courses Listing

This is a non-calculus introduction to electricity, magnetism, optics and modern physics.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Offering:
0-0; 3-3
Notes:
Course designated for Common Year in Applied Science students.
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
This is a non-calculus introduction to kinematics, Newton's Laws, energy, and waves.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Offering:
3-3; 0-0
Notes:
Course designated for Common Year in Applied Science students.
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Physics of semiconductors including crystal structure, conductivity, photoelectric effect, Hall effect, atomic energy levels and band theory, Fermi-Dirac statistics and density of states, intrinsic and extrinsic properties. The physics of common semiconductor devices are also discussed.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Offering:
3-1; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
A non-calculus course primarily designed for students who wish a broad overview of basic physical principles and concepts, but do not require the calculus-based analysis needed for further study. Topics include: motion in one and two dimensions; Newton's Laws; work and energy; momentum and collisions; oscillations; rotational motion; gravitation; elasticity and fluids; waves and sound. Laboratory work is mandatory.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Offering:
3-3; 0-0
Notes:
Students may receive credit for only one of Physics 1010/1030, 1101, 1113/1133.
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
This is a continuation of the basic principles approach started in Physics 1113. Topics include: electric forces, fields, and potential energy; capacitance, resistance, and DC circuits; magnetism and AC circuits; special relativity; optics; atomic and nuclear physics. Laboratory work is mandatory.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 1113
Offering:
0-0; 3-3
Notes:
Students may receive credit for only one of Physics 1010/1030, 1101, 1113/1133.
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
A calculus-based course intended for students in the physical sciences, applied sciences and mathematics, which includes the study of Newtonian mechanics for particles and rigid bodies, accompanied by related laboratory work.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Corequisite(s):
Mathematics 1151 or Mathematics 1171
Offering:
3-3; 0-0
Notes:
Students may receive credit for only one of Physics 1030, 1101, 1211, 1113.
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
A calculus-based course intended for students in the physical sciences and applied sciences which includes Oscillations, mechanical waves and sound, electric charge, electric field. Coulomb's law, Gauss's law, applications of Gauss's law, electric potential, capacitance, dielectrics, current, resistance, direct current circuit, magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, alternating current, electromagnetic waves and wave properties of light, accompanied by related laboratory work.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 1211
Corequisite(s):
Mathematics 1152 or Mathematics 1172
Offering:
0-0; 3-3
Notes:
Students may receive credit for only one of Physics 1010, 1101, 1212, 1133.
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Covers dimensional analysis, generalized coordinates, conserved quantities, linear oscillators including dissipation and resonance, small vibrations, oscillator chains and normal modes, central forces and the Kepler problem, and rigid bodies including rotating coordinate systems and the inertia tensor.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 1211
Corequisite(s):
Mathematics 2111
Offering:
0-0; 3-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Temperature, equations of state and phase diagrams, the first law of thermodynamics, the Carnot cycle, entropy and the second law, properties of a pure substance, other applications, Helmholtz and Gibbs functions, the Maxwell relations, chemical potential.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 1211
Offering:
3-0; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Direct and alternating circuit theory is introduced with specific attention to Kirchhoff's laws, Thevenin's theorem, phasor notation (complex numbers), and transient analysis. This forms the theoretical basis of the laboratory part of the course. Electrostatics covers Coulomb's law, Gauss' flux theorem and the definition of the electric potential with an emphasis on vector and scalar fields. Electrostatic theory is applied to capacitors and dielectric materials. Magnetostatics covers calculations of the magnetic field and the Lorentz force using the Biot-Savart law and Ampere's circuital law. Finally, electrodynamics covers Faraday's law of induction with applications in mutual and self-inductance. This course requires a strong background in mathematics and some vector calculus.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 1212
Corequisite(s):
Mathematics 2131
Offering:
0-0; 3-3
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Geometrical optics; reflection and refraction, thin lenses, thick lenses, aberrations, optical instruments. Physical optics. Huygen's principle, interference and diffraction, resolving power, polarization.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 1212 or Physics 1113/1133
Offering:
3-3; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Relativity, the photon, the wave-particle aspects of electromagnetic radiation and matter; introduction to wave mechanics; the hydrogen atom and atomic line spectra; orbital and spin angular momenta.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 1212 or Physics 1113/1133
Offering:
3-0; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
A continuation of Physics 2331, covering the major areas of modern physics. Topics include: many-electron atoms; molecular structure; statistical physics; lasers; solid-state physics; nuclear physics.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 2331
Offering:
0-0; 3-1
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Applications of physics in medicine. The course content will address concepts of medical physics, the production and properties of x-rays, photon and charge particle interaction with matter, diagnostic radiation medical imaging, nuclear medicine and radiation isotopes, and radiation therapy.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 1211 and 1212, or Physics 1133, or permission of the Chair of the Department
Offering:
3-0; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Credit Weight:
0.5
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences

Classical causality, Heinsenberg's principle, position and momentum determining experiments, wave packets and spread, electromagnetism, wave-particle duality, de Broglie particle-wave duality, matter waves, electron stability, Schr?dinger equation, boundary conditions, finite and infinite one-dimensional wells. Transmission and reflection coefficients. Introduction to simple harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. Emphasis will be on applications of interest to physicists and chemists.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 2331
Offering:
3-0; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Topics covered include vector operators, electrostatic potential andforce, magnetostatics, Faraday's law of induction, laws relating changing electric and magnetic fields, Maxwell's equations in integral and differential form, boundary conditions, electromagnetic radiation and energy propagation, Fresnel's equations, and basic antenna theory.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 2211
Offering:
3-1; or 3-1
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
The course begins with a rapid review of DC and AC circuit theory. Basic bipolar junction transistor circuits are then covered; such as the emitter follower, current sources and mirrors, the common emitter, push-pull, and differential amplifiers. A number of linear and non-linear operational amplifier circuits are examined with an emphasis on negative and positive feedback circuit analysis. Specialized amplifiers used as comparators, triggers, and oscillators are also examined. A quick overview of the field effect transistor, amplifier noise, and filter bandwidth rounds out the course. This is a laboratory intensive course.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 2211 or permission of the instructor
Offering:
3-3; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Basic fibre theory: types, modes, losses, dispersion, nonlinearities. Passive fibre devices: couplers, connectors, splices. Light sources: LED, solid state and semiconductor lasers. Active devices: modulators, amplifiers, and detectors. System noise: noise sources, eye diagrams, and bit error rate analysis. System design and local area networks.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 2311
Offering:
0-0; 3-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
To provide an understanding of condensed matter physics with an emphasis on the electronic structure of solids. Topics covered include the structure and binding of solids, reciprocal lattice and diffraction, free electron Fermi gas, band theory of metals and semiconductors, and magnetism.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 2332
Offering:
0-0; 3-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
The fundamental physics governing biological processes: Structure and function of membranes, transport, Fick's Laws and osmosis, electrical properties of cells, Hodgkin-Huxley model, structure and function of ion channels, structure and function of proteins, protein folding and aggregation, genomics and protenomics, bioinformatics, recent applications of experimental physics techniques to biology.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 1211/1212 or Physics 1113/1133
Offering:
0-0; 3-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
This course will introduce techniques for making physical measurements using computer-based instrumentation. The course also acts as an introduction to the graphical programming language LabVIEW. This language finds wide application in physics (and other) disciplines, for computer-based data acquisition and control.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 3231
Offering:
0-0; 0-4
Variational calculus and Hamilton’s principle, Hamilton’s equations and coupled ODE, Hamiltonian mechanics including Poisson brackets and Liouville’s theorem, theoretical mechanics and transformation theory including canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory and action-angle variables, an introduction to approximate solutions, perturbative expansion, and a brief overview of chaos theory.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 2111
Offering:
3-0; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
The course will include the following topics: Free particles and Fourier series, Dirac delta-function, vector spaces, axioms, Hermitian operators, uncertainty principle, destruction and creation operators for harmonic oscillators, angular momentum in three dimensions, ladder operators, central potentials, hydrogen atom, spin and the exclusion principle, stationary and time dependent perturbation theory.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 3113
Offering:
3-0; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Integrated treatment of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, review of elementary probability theory, canonical distribution and partition function, grand canonical ensemble, free energy, introduction to ideal quantum gases, and application to astrophysics and low-temperature physics.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Offering:
3-0; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Maxwell's equations, Fresnel's equations, the equation of continuity and Poynting vector applications are reviewed. Scalar and vector potentials, the gauge transformation, and the inhomogeneous wave equation are discussed. Retarded potentials with applications to dipole radiation, the half-wave antenna, directed arrays and the diffraction grating are introduced. Wave guide and transmission line theory are discussed. Lienard-Wiechert potentials are introduced and applied to radiation from an accelerated charge.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Physics 3211
Offering:
0-0; 3-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Galilean transformations. Special Relativity: Einstein's axioms, synchronization, spacetime diagrams, Lorentz transformations, and paradoxes. Relativistic Kinematics: velocity transformation, Doppler effect, and changes in shape. Spacetime geometry: four-vectors, causality, light cones, and transformation of four-vectors. Electromagnetism and Relativity: Maxwell's equations in four-vector form. Relativistic Dynamics: particle collisions, conservation laws, and invariance.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Permission of the Department
Offering:
3-0; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Natural radioactivity, growth and decay of radioactive species. Nuclear properties, masses, stability, charge, radius, moments. Nuclear effects in spectroscopy. Nuclear models, radioactive decay processes. Nuclear reaction mechanisms, nuclear forces. Interaction of radiation and nuclear particles with matter. Nuclear detectors and measurement of energy and radiation intensity. Production of high-energy charged particles.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Permission of the Department
Offering:
0-0; 3-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
The experiments will be based on fourth year physics courses. Topics considered will include several of the following: x-ray diffraction and crystal structure determination, investigation of laser types and applications, and the use of dispersive and interferometric optical spectrometers.

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Permission of the Department
Offering:
0-4; 0-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
Experiments demonstrating the fundamental physical principles underlying radiation and ultrasound medical imaging (photoconductivity, pulse-height spectroscopy and ultrasound propagation through matter) as well as experiments with clinical systems (digital direct conversion x-ray detector, Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scanner and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)).

Credit Weight:
0.5
Prerequisite(s):
Permission of the Department
Offering:
0-0; 0-4
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
A research project, chosen in consultation with a faculty advisor, will be conducted under the supervision of that advisor. The student will prepare a thesis and present a Physics Department seminar.

Credit Weight:
1.0
Prerequisite(s):
Permission of the Department
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences
A course with topics that may vary from year to year.

Credit Weight:
05
Prerequisite(s):
Permission of the Department
Special Topic:
Yes
Offering:
3-0; or 3-0
Course Classifications:
Type C: Engineering, Mathematical and Natural Sciences